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November 2019 visitor comments
At least Nine nuclear submarines have sunk, either by accident or scuttling. The Soviet Navy has lost five (one of which sank twice), the Russian Navy two, and the United States Navy (USN) two.

Three were lost with all hands - the two from the United States Navy (129 and 99 lives lost) and one from the Russian Navy (118 lives lost), and these are also the three largest losses of life in a submarine. All sank as a result of accident except for K-27, which was scuttled in the Kara Sea when proper decommissioning was considered too expensive. 


Experience with small nuclear reactors is not encouraging.
" The PM-3A at McMurdo Station in Antarctica, for example, “developed several malfunctions, including leaks in its primary system [and] cracks in the containment vessel that had to be welded,” according to the official history of the program by Lawrence H. Suid. The leaks from the plant (which was owned and operated by the U.S. Navy) resulted in significant contamination, and 14,400 metric tons of soil were removed and shipped to Port Hueneme, a naval base north of Los Angeles, for disposal.


Small modular reactors and nuclear weapons proliferation

we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
The Nightmare of Nuclear

Nuclear is worse than the worst tsunami, while men scramble to profit off of it.

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2019 

The report has a section reviewing Fukushima.  Here are some extracts;

 Akira Ono, head of the Fukushima Daiichi decommissioning project, stated on 28 March 2019 that “At present, it is difficult to clearly say we are going to remove all fuel debris”

The inspection results of Unit 2 prompted Naoyuki Takaki, professor of nuclear engineering at Tokyo City University, to state that “there could ultimately be a decision to stop debris removal after pulling out as much debris as possible. In that case, we would have no option but to consider building a sarcophagus like the one at the Chernobyl nuclear plant.

A major setback to plans for discharge into the Pacific Ocean emerged in August 2018, when it was reported by Kyodo News that TEPCO’s Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS) had not performed as had been widely reported otherwise. On 28 September 2018, TEPCO admitted that of the 890,000 m3 of water treated by the ALPS (as of September 2018) and stored in tanks, about 750,000 m3 tons contained higher concentrations of radioactive materials than levels permitted by the safety regulations for release into the ocean.  In 65,000 m3 of treated water, the levels of strontium-90 are more than 100 times above the safety standards, according to TEPCO. In some tanks, the levels are exceeding the limits by a factor of 20,000. These admissions contrast with earlier official statements on ALPS, claiming the system would reduce radioactivity levels “to lower than the permissible level for release”.561

The number of workers in February 2019 was 7,264, of which 962 TEPCO employees and 6,302 employees from subcontractors

According to the questionnaire survey involving workers other than TEPCO employees conducted by TEPCO and released in December 2018,  41.9 percent of the workers responded that they felt “anxious.” The reasons given for such anxiety included “the impact of [radiation] exposure on health.” The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) supervised and gave guidance to 290 business operators who carried out decommissioning work, of which more than half  were in violation of labor laws. The rate of detected infringements was 53.1 percent, 

Death caused by radation has been admitted in two cases, and
death caused by overwork also occurred. The cause of one worker’s death was recognized by the MHLW as overwork in November 2018 

As of 5 April 2019, 39,724 Fukushima residents are still living as officially designated evacuees (7,235 are living in the prefecture, 32,476 are living outside the prefecture, and 13 are missing).581 According to Fukushima Prefecture, the 

peak level of evacuees was 164,865 (May 2012).

The treatment of voluntary evacuees  is worsening. Fukushima Prefecture stopped providing free housing for voluntary evacuees at the end of March 2017 and although the prefecture subsequently started providing rent assistance for low-income households, this assistance was also terminated at the end of March 2019590. Once the free housing offer is terminated, they are no longer considered as voluntary evacuees and they disappear from the statistics of evacuees. 

169 individuals underwent surgery for malignant thyroid tumors

However, the Prefectural Oversight Committee Meeting for Fukushima Health Management Survey does not recognize the causal relationship between the occurrence of thyroid cancer and radiation exposure post-3/11.  In February 2019, referring to the report of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), the oversight committee reported that there would be no increase in cancer detection rate associated with the increase in radiation dose.

After 3/11, 54 countries had imposed import restrictions and as of April 2019, the regulations remain in force in 23 countries. In particular, eight countries including South Korea, China, and the U.S. do not import from Fukushima Prefecture

a budget of about ¥2.9 trillion (US$26 billion) was spent on decontamination resulting in about 16.5 million m3 of contaminated soil and other waste.

No plans have been developed for the final disposal of decontaminated soil out outside Fukushima Prefecture after 30 years of storage. The MoE plans reutilization of decontaminated soil, for example, on agricultural land as it is difficult to find a disposal site outside the prefecture. 

as for contaminated soil outside the prefecture, 329,104 m3 of removed soil is stored at 28,026 locations and 142,859 m3 of waste is stored at 9,320 locations as of the end of March 2019  These are to be disposed of in landfills.
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
Nuclear = unreliable, intermittent power and power outages

"On average, the seven Belgian units were down half of the year and in October 2018 power prices reached record levels. The “Belgian nuclear crisis” is the title of an Argus White Paper describing that the lack of power from nuclear reactors led not only to the need for coordinated solidarity by neighboring countries to help Belgium with power exports through the winter, but also to strategic reinforcement of energy cooperation, in particular with Germany."


Hydrogen Cracks

"In summer 2012, the operator identified an unprecedented number of hydrogen-induced crack indications in the pressure vessels of Doel-3 and Tihange-2, with respectively over 8,000 and 2,000—which later increased to over 13,000 and over 3,000 respectively—previously undetected defects. In spite of widespread concerns, and although no failsafe explanation about the negative initial fracture-toughness test results was given, on 17 November 2015, the Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (FANC) authorized the restart of Doel-3 and Tihange-2 for the second time after the original discovery of the defaults."

Performance Assessment

'The cumulation of planned outages that were extended repeatedly, plus unexpected outages, led to an unprecedented annual record. In 2018, the seven Belgian nuclear reactors cumulated a total of 1,265 outage days, representing an average of six months  per reactor "

The analysis of the unavailability of French nuclear reactors in 2018 shows:

A minimum of four French reactors have been down (zero capacity) at the same time.
A maximum of 27 of the 58 units were down at the same time.
On 38 occasions, 18 units were down during the same day.
One 50 occasions, 16 units were down during the same day.
The total number of zero output days of the French reactor fleet exceeded 5,000 days in 2018, an average of 87.6 days per reactor or an outage ratio of a quarter of the time, not including load following or other operational situations with reduced but above-zero output e.g. as during the heat wave
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
When Nuclear Power was found to be too costly with long construction delays and escalating cost overruns, the business sector naturally decided to sell nuclear to third world countries.

Great insight into the mind of the business man...
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
Yep, a  " Great insight into the mind of the business man... "

A game of biological dominos.
Wait for the rocket ships lifting off for...whut...Mars??!  What the hell?  Nice to have a dream...
Like radiation, oligarch optimism never sleeps.

     popcorn ?
don't stir up the hot particles

Ohh thy people.....sheeple steeple, sleeping pill enfeebled,
oh thy sheeple, heaping feeble, it's a steep hill, oh thy feeble, still shill people, sleeping pill steeple,
oh thy steep hill, steeple people, shill pill enfeebled, oh thy steeple, shill hill people, enfeeble pill sheeple.....
ohh thy people

Feel free to rearrange in any manner seen fit, ...the chase is infinite

Not to take away from all life stolen or affected by being in the face of corruption/oppression
rsmithm, i liked Sheeplechase.   Has a free flow

Anybody;  what I need;  release estimates of the different radionuclides from Fukushima and the ECRR dose coefficients for them, so that I can re make the Woods Hole graphic in the 'our radioactive ocean'  thread

Also,  the dire state of the Pacific ocean could be highlighted with statistics of animal mortality.   The people dont realize what a bad state the earth and its oceans are in

Not sure it matters that the people know.   Whats going to happen is the human population will crash, and after hundreds of thousands of years, slowly the ecosystem will come back, albeit with scars.

we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
The Living World  is dying. (all life plus all of the worlds oceans fit into a sphere about 1/6 the volume of the moon).  At this rate,  the worlds ecosystems will be totally collapsed in a short period.   

"The target agreed by the world's Governments in 2002, "to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth", has not been met. "

"There are multiple indications of continuing decline in biodiversity in all three of its main components - genes, species and ecosystems - including:

Species which have been assessed for extinction risk are on average moving closer to extinction. Amphibians face the greatest risk and coral species are deteriorating most rapidly in status. Nearly a quarter of plant species are estimated to be threatened with extinction.

The abundance of vertebrate species, based on assessed populations, fell by nearly a third on average between 1970 and 2006, and continues to fall globally, with especially severe declines in the tropics and among freshwater species.

Natural habitats in most parts of the world continue to decline in extent and integrity, although there has been significant progress in slowing the rate of loss for tropical forests and mangroves, in some regions. 

Freshwater wetlands, sea ice habitats, salt marshes, coral reefs, seagrass beds and shellfish reefs are all showing serious declines.

Extensive fragmentation and degradation of forests, rivers and other ecosystems have also led to loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Crop and livestock genetic diversity continues to decline in agricultural systems.

The five principal pressures directly driving biodiversity loss (habitat change, overexploitation, pollution, invasive alien species and climate change) are either constant or increasing in intensity.

The ecological footprint of humanity exceeds the biological capacity of the Earth by a wider margin than at the time the 2010 target was agreed."


85% of oyster reefs have been lost globally, and that they are functionally extinct in 37% of estuaries and 28% of ecoregions.

29% of seagrass habitats have disappeared since the 19th century, with a sharp acceleration in recent decades. Since 1980, the loss of seagrass beds has averaged approximately 110 square kilometres per year, a rate of loss comparable to mangroves, coral reefs and tropical forests.

Living coral cover in Caribbean reefs dropped by nearly half (from 38.2% to 20.8% living coral cover) between 1972 and 1982, with a decline of almost one-quarter (24.9%) occurring in a single year,

 estimates suggest that between 30-50 % of the cold-water coral reefs in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Norway (that is, within 200 nautical miles of the Norwegian coast) have been impacted or damaged by bottom trawling

bout 80 percent of the world marine fish stocks for which assessment information is available are fully exploited or overexploited.


The population of wild vertebrate species fell by an average of nearly one- third (31%) globally between 1970 and 2006, with the decline especially severe in the tropics (59%) and in freshwater ecosystems (41%).

Observed trends in populations of wild species include:

Farmland bird populations in Europe have declined by on average 50% since 1980.
Bird populations in North American grasslands declined by nearly 40% between 1968 and 2003, showing a slight recovery over the past five years; those in North American drylands have declined by nearly 30% since the late 1960s.
Of the 1,200 waterbird populations with known trends, 44% are in decline.
42% of all amphibian species and 40% of bird species are declining in population.
Species in all groups with known trends are, on average, being driven closer to extinction, with amphibians facing the greatest risk and warm water reef-building corals showing the most rapid deterioration in status. Among selected vertebrate, invertebrate and plant groups, between 12% and 55% of species are currently threatened with extinction
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
Humans want jobs so they can have money and believe this is sustainable? The worldwide protests are not a shift in this paradigm but a mere escalation for the concentration of power. As the world burns.

La da da la da da........ https://www.newsweek.com/trump-ivanka-14...1309?amp=1
200 people control fifty trillion dollars; the insanity of transnational capitalism

The planet earth is a slum

Abby Martin - Giants Who Really Rule the World
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
I just had a conversation with a liberal leaning acquaintance about the Trump impeachment trial.  It was really interesting because there was an escalation of emotion when it got around to the Russian meddling in the election question.   I had said simply that its a hypocritical stance for people to decry Russian meddling when the U.S. has meddled in so many countries.   That was it...the cork came flying out of the bottle....how dare I call him hypocritical!

US Interfered in Elections of at Least 85 Countries Worldwide Since 1945

This friend I was talking to happens to be a lawyer, and consequently knows a lot about the political system, and some history and so on and so forth.  And the reason Im bringing it up is because it illustrates an interesting thing I have noticed for a long time. People adhere to their way of thinking, no matter what.  Its almost like they are scripted to play their roles.   So while I attempted to re frame the political debate in the perspective of what seems like something of far greater importance,  the health of the biosphere,  it was impossible to do this.   

Getting into nuclear was not even going to happen.  The die had been cast, views have been made.  Talk was futile.   Even counter productive.  

On my drive home I reflected on the efforts I have put into the CafeRadLab project. It seemed more clear than ever, its been simply a waste of time and bandwidth.   Maybe not for other posters,  my comment pertains only to my stuff.  

Its a valid question....how much time should a person spend on a project that is an exercise in futility?   Its better to feed the birds I think.

Let them enjoy their bypartisan politics and righteous views.   Meanwhile,  the living earth is dying out.   

In 2019 -- the managed bee population decreased by 40.7%

The colonies are dying out in winter....colony collapse.

"The main take-home from this is these are unsustainably high losses,"

No cause for alarm?  Bee population up worldwide, the article says

Unfortunately, the story of insect decline is tragic.  Surveys have uncovered up to a 75% decline of insect levels in some countries in a very short period of time. https://phys.org/news/2019-07-insect-apo...chers.html

“Unless we change our ways of producing food, insects as a whole will go down the path of extinction in a few decades,”

 The rate of extinction is eight times faster than that of mammals, birds and reptiles. 
The total mass of insects is falling by a precipitous 2.5% a year, according to the best data available, suggesting they could vanish within a century.

. Here, we present a comprehensive review of 73 historical reports of insect declines from across the globe, and systematically assess the underlying drivers. Our work reveals dramatic rates of decline that may lead to the extinction of 40% of the world's insect species over the next few decades

The reasons for overall bee declines are broadly understood: diminished bee habitat; the Varroa destructor, a nasty parasitic mite; viruses and pathogens; and agricultural chemicals, including pesticides, fungicides and insect growth regulators 

Last year, 40% of honey-bee colonies in the US died. But bees aren't the only insects disappearing in unprecedented numbers.

But the loss of insects is a dire threat — one that could trigger a "catastrophic collapse of Earth's ecosystems," according to a February 2019 study.

The research, the first global review of its kind, looked at 73 historical reports on insect declines around the world and found the total mass of all insects on the planets is decreasing by 2.5% per year.

If this trend continues unabated, the Earth may not have any insects at all by 2119.


OF course that alarming study has been "debunked", as we read here;
"The claim that insects will all be annihilated within the century is absurd. “Not going to happen,” says Elsa Youngsteadt from North Carolina State University. “They’re the most diverse group of organisms on the planet. Some of them will make it.” Any event sufficiently catastrophic to scour the world of insects would also render it inhospitable to other animal life. “If it happened, humans would no longer be on the planet,” says Corrie Moreau from Cornell University.


The essence is that even though insect declines of over 75% have been documented in Europe and N America, scientists cant extrapolate that to places like the Amazon. 

Getting back to bees and men and politics, there are some key elements that clench the deal for me.  One is that everyone agrees that bee loss and insect loss could have an impact on food prices.  Nobody ever mentions that insect loss is a tragedy in its own right, food prices be damned.   Another thing is everyone agrees bee collapse is due to climate change and varroa mites.   They talk about judicious use of pesticides and stuff.  Nobody mentions that they dont feed the bees honey and pollen....they feed them man made junk food,  and they make starter combs larger than natural.  They think fat and heavy bees are a good sign!   Thats right, instead of feeding bees honey they feed them high fructose corn syrup.  Purina makes a bee chow which contains chicken blood,  lots of sugar and flavor enticers so the bees will eat the stuff.

So that does it for me...I cant talk to the people..
we are healthy with background radiation but unhealthy with the same dose from fallout
Code, don't you dare...stop talking!
Think of your excellent body of work here as stored up ammo for when world focuses on nuke issues...want answers, beyond the usual "No immediate danger...just an extra thousand chest xrays, etc.
Could be the next meltdown that precipitates that, or maybe the Tokyo olympics next summer.
  d kitty

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