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Radioactive Waste Out of Control – On Purpose:
#1
Out of Control – On Purpose:
DOE’s Dispersal of Radioactive Waste into Landfills and Consumer Products

http://www.clarku.edu/mtafund/prodlib/nu...ontrol.pdf

Quote:Are the byproducts of building nuclear weapons and
generating atomic electric power getting out-of-control
on purpose? Are they winding up in unregulated
landfills and unrestricted re-uses, including consumer
products? These questions inspired this study
by Nuclear Information and Resource Service on the
policies and practices for releasing radioactively contaminated
wastes, properties and materials belonging
to the U.S. Department of Energy in its vast nuclear
weapons production complex.

...

Since much basic information about ionizing radiation
is written by those who seek to minimize concern
about its impact, NIRS offers extensive framing
of these issues including the difficulties of detecting
radioactivity and concerns about bias and inadequacy
of even the fundamental units of radiation. NIRS is
mandated to work in the public interest, not the nuclear
waste generators’ interest. Therefore, we emphasize
the effects of small doses on the public and
point to inadequacies of the “updated” radiation “protection
standards.” The standards do not protect all
phases of human development and instead assume
that the recipient of radiation doses is an adult male,
and do not consider all of the known, potential health
effects from ionizing radiation.

...
  • Who decides what type of radioactivity to
    look for?
    On what basis is that decision made?
    Who does the data collection – are they
    trained? Do they have experience?
    Is there motivation or incentive to find or to
    miss the radioactivity?
    Is the appropriate monitoring equipment being
    used?
    How is it calibrated?
    What are the budget and budgetary pressures?
    How much time is allowed?
    How is data collected and stored?
    What models are applied to the data during
    analysis?


The answers may surprise you; an informative read.  The waste stream is permitted to enter the environment "in small bits".  

Quote:The right question is “How can radioactive releases be
prevented?” not “How much can be released?” or
“How much risk are we willing to accept to save
money on radioactive cleanups?”
Even more fundamental however is the false impression
that the industry or regulators or DOE actually
could limit our risks by imposing a regulatory release
level. Part of why the concerned public has repeatedly
rejected any regulatory framework that sets up “official
release levels” or “clearance levels” is that setting generic
release levels still allows unlimited numbers of
releases. In other words, no matter how low the limit,
an unlimited amount of radioactivity could be “legally”
allowed out of regulatory control as long as it
can be shown that it left control in small pieces.

Unlimited amounts of radioactivity are being “legally” released.
"The map is not the territory that it is a map of ... the word is not the thing being referred to."
 
Reply
#2
(11-28-2015, 01:04 PM)Horse Wrote: Out of Control – On Purpose:
DOE’s Dispersal of Radioactive Waste into Landfills and Consumer Products

http://www.clarku.edu/mtafund/prodlib/nu...ontrol.pdf

Unlimited amounts of radioactivity are being “legally” released.

When I give a radiation detection seminar I always start with the fact that there is radiation all around us and not all of it is naturally occurring.  You just need to keep looking and as you go you will learn where to look.
"All models are flawed, some are useful."
George E. P. Box
 
Reply
#3
(11-28-2015, 02:48 PM)LWH Wrote: When I give a radiation detection seminar I always start with the fact that there is radiation all around us and not all of it is naturally occurring.  You just need to keep looking and as you go you will learn where to look.

Quote:"It is expensive and difficult to monitor and detect all
the forms and levels of ionizing radioactivity that are
being and could be released and recycled. Although
man-made radioactivity can be distinguished from
naturally occurring if enough effort and expense are
expended, this is not the routine."

LWH, I can't afford the equipment but I am interested in radiation detection.  Living in Denver, the mile high city, I receive more cosmic radiation.  At the foothills of the Rocky Mtns naturally occurring uranium and radon increase the 'background' level.  Man-made radiation from atomic bomb testing drifted overhead while weapons development at Rocky Flats accidently puffed out plutonium. Some of Rocky Flats waste was buried at Lowry, which after some remediation now has a housing development on it.  When they cleaned up Lowry it was always about asbestos; radiation was never mentioned.  I was taught to stay out of the rain and snow because of 'fallout'.  When Fukushima happened I sheltered in place just to be safe.  The response by officials was to turn off public radiation monitoring being done.  What do the experts have to say?  How many invisible bullets is too many?  I'm here to learn more, thanks for sharing.
"The map is not the territory that it is a map of ... the word is not the thing being referred to."
 
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