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GA_Vogtle_3_4 Future Disaster
#1
Why wait for a disaster, when you can build one.

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In February 2012, the NRC approved the construction license of the two proposed AP1000 reactors at Vogtle.
NRC Chairman Gregory Jaczko cast the lone dissenting vote on plans to build and operate the two new nuclear power reactors,
citing safety concerns stemming from Japan's 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, saying,
"I cannot support issuing this license as if Fukushima never happened."

----------------------

[ This is the Design Control Document, very boring. ]

undated | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | 448 pgs VEGP 3&4 Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) Rev 2 | https://www.nrc.gov/docs/ML1320/ML13205A268.pdf

----------------------

GA_Vogtle 3 and 4 began official construction in

20130312 | GA_Vogtle_3 | Construction Begins
20131119 | GA_Vogtle_4 | Construction Begins

This is when the reactor basemat foundations began.

But problems began almost immediately.

---------------------

https://archive.li/Y8FFi

20121023 | | NRC approves plan to resolve Plant Vogtle rebar, concrete issues |
http://www.augustachronicle.com/news/bus...ete-issues

By Rob Pavey
Posted Oct 23, 2012 at 12:48 PM

Southern Nuclear notified the commission in March that minor settling beneath the reactor’s “mudmat” made it a few inches off level and would require changes.
The mudmat lies beneath the concrete “basemat” on which nuclear buildings will sit.

The original license allows a 1-inch variability in the levelness of the basemat, and the amendment will increase that to 4 inches, allowing engineers to level the surface by using more concrete as the basemat is poured.

[ Does this mean it's sinking or did they just build it slanted? ]

------------------

[ Construction problems and delays were traced to the use of unlicensed engineering services or in this case enginerring. ]

-------------------

20170924 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | Stamped for failure: Westinghouse and SCANA used unlicensed workers to design abandoned S.C. nuclear reactors |
https://www.postandcourier.com/business/...6b8b9.html

By Andrew Brown | Sep 24, 2017

The need for professional engineers to approve all of the reactor designs was a waste of time and money, Westinghouse's attorneys said. Getting the required stamps and signatures for the reactors at V.C. Summer and Plant Vogtle in Georgia would only "disrupt and frustrate," they said.

-------------------

[ In addition to construction problems they dropped the RPV during transport.

20130110 | | Vogtle reactor vessel slips between Savannah, Burke County |
http://chronicle.augusta.com/news/busine...rke-county

[ website name changed ] https://archive.li/J1nOf

20130110 | GA_Vogtle_3 | Vogtle reactor vessel slips between Savannah, Burke County | http://www.augustachronicle.com/news/bus...rke-county

By Rob Pavey Posted Jan 10, 2013 at 1:23 PM

[ pic in the article shows the RPV, see the color of the plastic wrap, now you know why I use cyan in the tracking spreadsheet. ]

A 300-ton reactor vessel bound for Plant Vogtle was stranded briefly in south Georgia this week after a malfunction with the specially designed rail car moving the nuclear component from Savannah to Burke County.

“The platform that contained the RV (reactor vessel) during transport became misaligned with the Schnabel railcar, so the railcar stopped immediately,” said Georgia Power Co. spokesman Mark Williams. “The platform and car were realigned the same day and safely returned to the port.”

The Schnabel railcar, which features extra axles that help distribute and support the weight of heavy objects, did not break, he said. Georgia Power officials said the malfunction occurred less than a mile from the port of Savannah.

The steel vessel, which weighs more than the Statue of Liberty, was built in South Korea and took three years to complete. It left aboard a transport ship that took the component to the Port of Savannah.

There was no damage to the reactor vessel or to the rail car, Williams said, and the incident will not result in delays.

Plant Vogtle is undergoing a $14 billion expansion that involves building two new Westinghouse AP-1000 reactors.

The new units were scheduled to go into service in 2016 and 2017, but contractors have said they could be delayed by a year or more. Williams said work is being done with contractors to determine a date.

-------------------

[ This doc covers many units. I only extracted items pertaining to Vogtle. ]

| 108 pgs | http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/pu...anguage=En

pg 19
NRC inspections revealed several failures of the licensee to adequately inspect safety-related
materials (embedded plates or nuclear island basemat reinforcing steel among others) at supplier facilities and upon receipt.

pg 27
During a NRC inspection completed on 7 May 2012, two violations of NRC requirements were identified:
1) The nuclear island basemat bottom flexural reinforcement did not comply with the provisions of ACI 349-01;
2) The licensee departed from the certified design control document without NRC approval.

pg 54
Significant welding problems occurred during the fabrication of large reactor plant components
which required significant repair. Problems include defects of the Alloy 52M
inlet nozzle-to-safe end welds of the reactor vessel
and cracks in four welds in the lower ring of the containment vessel.

Both vessels belong to the Vogtle Unit 3 plant currently under construction.

pg 66
The licensee failed to conduct software validation and verification (V&V)
according to regulatory requirements described in Inspections, Tests, Analyses and Acceptance Criteria (ITAAC),
combined construction operation licence (COL) and other NRC rules and regulations.

Insufficiencies contained following issues:

software requirements evaluation, interface analysis, criticality analysis, hazard analysis and risk analysis were not
conducted according to minimum required V&V scope;

V&V activities were not performed independently (individuals from the design team were included in V&V team);

pg 82
IN 2013-15 discusses many incidents of willful misconduct and record falsification that took place
by multiple organisations at a variety of nuclear facilities both operating and under construction.

---------------------

20121212 | GA_Vogtle_3_4 | New Plant Vogtle reactor will likely be a year late, monitor says | http://www.augustachronicle.com/news/met...nitor-says

Atlanta-based Southern Co. and its partners are spending an estimated $14 billion to build the first nuclear plant erected from scratch in the U.S. in a generation. The first of the new reactors at Plant Vogtle was supposed to be finished April 1, 2016, with the second reactor a year later.

Southern Co. officials have said that schedule has slipped to November 2016 for the first reactor or even early- to mid-2017. In a report filed Friday, nuclear engineer William Jacobs Jr. said he believed the first reactor will be completed no earlier than June 2017. Jacobs cautioned that additional delays are possible.

Jacobs said schedule delays could potentially drive up project and financing costs.

“The cost of a one-year delay in the project is in the range of hundreds of millions of dollars,” said Jacobs, who monitors the construction project for Georgia’s Public Service Commission, which regulates utilities.

Delays are significant because the costs might ultimately be paid by electricity customers. There are also consequences for the nuclear industry. Utility officials have hoped that the Plant Vogtle project and two identical reactors under construction at Plant Summer in South Carolina would demonstrate nuclear plants can be built without the delays and cost overruns that dogged the industry decades ago.

Buzz Miller, the executive vice president of nuclear development at Southern Co., said during a tour of the construction site Tuesday that the plant will be economically viable even if costs increase. He said the company would focus on quality and safety over speed.

“We’re not going to plan on shortening the time schedule because getting it right is far more important,” Miller said. Southern Co. subsidiary Georgia Power owns roughly 46 percent of the two new reactors. The other owners include Oglethorpe Power Corp., the Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia and the city of Dalton. Utility regulators have allowed Georgia Power to spend about $6.1 billion as its share of the project. The company now projects it will cost $6.2 billion if the first reactor comes online in November 2016.

Jacobs called the performance of the team designing and building the plant - Westinghouse Electric Co. and The Shaw Group - as “unsatisfactory” in some critical areas. He faulted Southern Co. and its contractors for failing to agree on a start-to-finish schedule. Jacobs said PSC staffers would consider additional costs caused by the lack of a long-term schedule as “imprudent,” meaning customers should not pay for them.

 Ultimately, elected utility commissioners decide whether to make customers absorb those costs.

Metal bars in what will become a reactor foundation were not installed correctly, leading to delays, Jacobs said. This has pushed back the pouring of concrete at the site, a key task that must be finished before other work can begin. Miller said workers have successfully conducted a test pour of concrete.

Other problems have surfaced with suppliers. Rather than assembling the reactor in the field, The Shaw Group is building prefabricated submodules in Lake Charles, La. Those subcomponents are then shipped to Georgia and welded together.

But Jacobs said the construction of modules has slipped because of design, fabrication and quality assurance problems.

Shaw Modular Solutions, part of The Shaw Group, “clearly lacked experience in the nuclear power industry and was not prepared for the rigor and attention to detail required to successfully manufacture nuclear components,” Jacobs said. A Shaw spokeswoman did not return a call seeking comment.

---------------------

20160711 | | Time For A Reality Check: More Delays Are Coming For Georgia Power’s New Vogtle Reactors |
http://www.theenergycollective.com/djwam...e-reactors
July 11, 2016 by Dennis Wamsted

---------------

[ Here are EN's related to GA_Vogtle_3_4, I only went back a couple years because really, how much evidence do you need. ]

20180402 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | CONTRACTOR SUPERVISOR TESTS POSITIVE DURING FITNESS FOR DUTY TEST |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en53309

20180321 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS FOR DUTY TEST SUBVERSION |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en53277
[ This EN has been removed from the NRC website ]

20180220 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS FOR DUTY - CONTRACT SUPERVISOR SUBVERTS FITNESS FOR DUTY TEST |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en53221

------------
2017_Events
------------

20171120 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | PART-21 - AUXILIARY FEEDWATER PUMP POWER SUPPLY FAILURE |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en53084

20171016 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS FOR DUTY - NON LICENSED SUPERVISOR SUBVERTED TEST |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en53018

20170913 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | CONTRACTOR MANAGER CONFIRMED POSITIVE FOR ALCOHOL |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52968

20170629 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | Update PART 21 INTERIM REPORT - EXCESS MATERIAL CONDITION ON THE CASING FOR THE AP1000 REACTOR COOLANT PUMP |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52487

20170508 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS-FOR-DUTY REPORT |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52763

20170327 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS-FOR- DUTY TEST POSITIVE FOR NON-LICENSED CONTRACTOR |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52641

20170315 | GA_Vogtle_3 | Update PART 21 REPORT REGARDING PIPE SPOOL FLANGES FOR VOGTLE UNIT 3 |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52269

20170113 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | PART 21 INTERIM REPORT - EXCESS MATERIAL CONDITION ON THE CASING FOR THE AP1000 REACTOR COOLANT PUMP |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52487

20170111 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS-FOR-DUTY TEST POSITIVE FOR NON-LICENSED SUPERVISOR |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52482

------------
2016_Events
------------

20161130 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | REACTOR COOLANT PUMP BREAKER CABINET MODIFICATION - ITAAC POSTCLOSURE NOTIFICATION |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en52412

20160928 | GA_Vogtle_3 | PART 21 REPORT REGARDING PIPE SPOOL FLANGES FOR VOGTLE UNIT 3 |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en52269

20160912 | GA_Vogtle_3 | PART 21 FINAL REPORT- DEVIATIONS ON STRUCTURAL MODULE VOGTLE UNIT 3 AP1000 PROJECT |
https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-colle...ml#en52236

20160830 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS-FOR-DUTY |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en52208

20160802 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS-FOR-DUTY REPORT |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en52147

20160621 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | PART 21 - INSUFFICIENT VALVE CAGE HARDFACING |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en52029

20160607 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS FOR DUTY |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en51986

20160421 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | FITNESS FOR DUTY - CONTRACTOR SUPERVISOR ATTEMPTS TO SUBVERT FITNESS FOR DUTY TEST |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en51875

20160203 | GA_Vogtle_4 | PART 21 REPORT REGARDING DEVIATIONS OF PIPE PENETRATION SLEEVES FOR AP1000 PROJECTS |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en51706

20160201 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | PART 21 REPORT REGARDING DEVIATIONS OF PIPE SPOOLS FOR AP1000 PROJECTS |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en51704

20160129 | GA_Vogtle_3;4 | PART 21 - IMPROPER ACCESSORY MOUNTING BRACKET PROCESSING |
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collec...ml#en51700

[ So a bunch of drunks, using defective components under the direction of unlicensed design engineers. ]
[ These are just the ones that were caught, maybe that's why the mudmat was off level. ]


---------------

[ But I'm sure they have fixed all the errors. ]

https://archive.li/n2trW

20180218 | GA_Vogtle_1;2 | Inspections allegedly faked at Plant Vogtle; nuclear regulator issues fine |
https://www.aikenstandard.com/news/inspe...f4557.html

    By Colin Demarest | Feb 21, 2018

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is proposing a $145,000 fine against the Plant Vogtle licensee and operator, Southern Nuclear Operating Company. The NRC believes plant employees lied about equipment and plant inspections.
Between August and October 2016, at least 13 system operators failed to do their inspections – a plant requirement – and then logged that they had actually completed their rounds, according to an NRC investigation and a related press release dated Feb. 21.
The violations happened multiple times, the NRC release says.

[ . . . well maybe. ]

----------------

[ BTW the Vogtle site is right across the river from the Savanna River Site (SRS) which is a facility for making nuclear weapons components. ]
[ Does anyone really believe that the sites electrical output is going to be used to power homes? ]
 
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