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The Politics of Radiation Revisited

July 17, 2019 (UPI) -- In a bid to save money, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has recommended reducing the number of inspections it performs for nearly 100 reactors at dozens of nuclear power plants across the United States.
Greg Halnon, an official at the Ohio-based FirstEnergy Corp., was one of those complaining at an industry trade meeting this spring about the press putting “out a headline on the webpage to the world” whenever the NRC released notices of nuclear safety issues.


By Canadian Press
Nuclear industry push for reduced oversight gaining traction
Jul 18, 2019
WASHINGTON — Fewer mock commando raids to test nuclear power plants’ defences against terrorist attacks. Fewer, smaller government inspections for plant safety issues. Less notice to the public and to state governors when problems arise.

They’re part of the money-saving rollbacks sought by the country’s nuclear industry under President Donald Trump and already approved or pending approval by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, largely with little input from the general public.

The nuclear power industry says the safety culture at the U.S. nuclear industry — 40 years after partial meltdown of a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island — is “exceptional” and merits the easing of government inspections.

Greg Halnon, an official at the Ohio-based FirstEnergy Corp., was one of those complaining at an industry trade meeting this spring about the press putting “out a headline on the webpage to the world” whenever the NRC released notices of nuclear safety issues.

Some rollbacks pushed by the industry have been rejected by the commission’s staff. Others are still under consideration, including one that would further cut NRC inspections at plants and allow more self-inspections overseen by plant operators.

This week’s staff recommendations for rollbacks in government oversight are “just the tip of the iceberg,” Lyman said.

Ellen Knickmeyer, The Associated Press

They'll slip SMR standards and regulations in there so it's in place before Staup gets back...
Less notice to the public? For clarity: https://www.commondreams.org/newswire/20...ds-changes July 24, 2019
EPA lawsuit

....The EPA published the new FOIA rule June 26 without allowing the public to comment on the changes, improperly claiming that allowing public comment was “not practicable.” This decision drew immediate and bipartisan criticism from members of Congress, who are demanding that EPA reconsider its approach.

“EPA’s rule would let political appointees decide whether or when to release information they are required to disclose by law,” said Sylvia Lam, attorney at the Environmental Integrity Project. “Not surprisingly, this administration has made that decision without even giving the public a chance to comment on this radical departure from current practice, which is to allow an agency’s expert attorneys to make these legal determinations. The Freedom of Information Act holds government accountable to the governed by letting the public see how decisions are made. EPA’s action strikes a blow at democratic values that are more important today than ever before.”

STEVE SEBELIUS: Nuclear power will ‘slumber into extinction,’ ex-regulator says

By Steve Sebelius Las Vegas Review-Journal
August 3, 2019 - 11:34 pm

For Gregory Jaczko, the nuclear power question comes down to a basic quandary: For a nuclear reactor to be designed, built and operated safely, it has to be small, too small to make it useful as a commercial source of electricity.
And given that other, less complicated and risky sources of renewable energy are available, spending time and money on solving the large-scale nuclear issue isn’t necessary, he argues.
Jaczko’s conclusions are controversial, especially in the energy industry, where he ruffled feathers as a former member and chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. But Jaczko, who holds a doctoral degree in theoretical particle physics from the University of Madison-Wisconsin, is convinced the equation is relatively simple.
“The longer you operate nuclear power plants, the more accidents are going to happen,” he said. “The more power plants you upgrade, the more accidents you’re going to have.”
It’s a bold statement in America, where there have been some mishaps, but nothing even close to the scale of infamous nuclear catastrophes, such as the 1986 Chernobyl explosion or the 2011 disaster at Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan. Many in the industry would accuse Jaczko of being an anti-nuclear alarmist, and note that he’s a longtime opponent of the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository in Nevada.
But Jaczko, whose rocky tenure atop the NRC is discussed in his book, “Confessions of a Rogue Nuclear Regulator,” documents his opinions carefully, and suggests that even if nuclear plants could be designed more safely to avoid catastrophic accidents, the expense wouldn’t be worth it because of the availability of cheaper, renewable alternatives such as solar power, wind farms, geothermal plants and the like.
“Today, there’s not a debate anymore because you can solve the climate problem without nuclear,” he said. “So you don’t have to deal with any of these other issues anymore. And you can solve them with things that are cheaper. They do not create the same kinds of challenges.”
And the challenges aren’t just in designing, building and operating nuclear plants safely, or in finding a way to dispose of or reuse the spent fuel from those reactors. They’re also political, he says.
“In hindsight, the Fukushima incident revealed what has long been the sad truth about nuclear safety: the nuclear power industry has developed too much control over the (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) and Congress,” Jaczko writes in his book. “In the aftermath of the accident, I found myself moving from my role as a scientist impressed by nuclear power to a fierce nuclear safety advocate. I now believe that nuclear power is more hazardous than it is worth.”
Other countries are moving away from nuclear power: Countries such as Germany, Sweden, Switzerland and Italy have decided to phase out nuclear power, although it remains the largest source of power in France. After the Fukushima disaster, Japan shut down all of its nuclear power plants, although some have since been restarted.
China, however, is building new plants and adding to its overall nuclear capacity.
Jaczko also makes the point that continued use of nuclear power puts pressure on regulators and the government to find a place to dispose of spent nuclear fuel. Currently, there’s only one target, the Yucca Mountain repository in Nevada, which has seen renewed interest from Republicans during the Trump administration.
But that site has long been opposed by most state officials out of concerns about safety, concerns that have been increased after recent California earthquakes. Not only that, but revelations that the government secretly shipped plutonium for temporary storage to the Nevada National Security Site, and may have mixed in reactive waste products with lower-level waste in other shipments, have stirred serious concerns among Nevada officials.
“As waste piles up, we leave behind dangerous materials that later generations will eventually have to confront,” Jaczko wrote in his book. “The short-term solution — leaving it where it is — can certainly be accomplished with minimal hazard to the public. But such solutions require active maintenance and monitoring by a less-than-willing industry.”
He adds: “There is only one logical answer: We must stop generating nuclear waste, and that means we must stop using nuclear power. I wish that as chairman (of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission) I’d had the courage to say this, but my courage had its limits. I knew the backlash that would come if the chairman of the NRC were to admit our country should stop producing nuclear power.”
But now, like many former elected officials or political appointees, he’s freed from the shackles that responsibility imposed upon his candor. He predicts that nuclear power will “lumber into extinction” in favor of cheaper, safer, cleaner and more readily viable technologies and that “we will likely begin to think of electricity much as we do hot water; as something we make in our homes on demand.”
Contact Steve Sebelius at SSebelius@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0253. Follow @SteveSebelius on Twitter.

While we slumbered...


The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has found no safety concerns that would prevent the issue of an early site permit (ESP) to Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA ) for the potential use of a site at Clinch River for two or more small modular reactors (SMRs). The site hosted the former Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project.
NRC’s 600-page final safety evaluation reviewed site seismology, geology, hydrology and accident risks, among other things. “The staff will provide the report on the application to the commission for a mandatory hearing on the permit later this year,” NRC said. “The commission will conduct the hearing to determine whether the staff’s review supports the findings necessary to issue the permit.”
The permit is valid for 10 to 20 years, renewable for an additional 10 to 20 years. TVA’s application, submitted in 2016, is for two or more small modular reactor (SMR) modules of up to 800MWe at the 486 hectare site near the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was the first SMR-related application to be received by the NRC.

The DOE is supporting the TVA project through an agreement which can reimburse the utility for up to 50% of eligible costs. The five-year agreement, finalised in July 2015, will also support a combined construction and operating licence (COL) application.
the slumber of nuclear to self extinction because of profit/loss financials means that the anti nuclear movement failed to end it on the basis of the atrocity of poisoning the Living World.

Its not a victory of enlightenment.  Not only that, nuclear continues, with plants being made in third world countries.  With the new estimates of Fukushima level accidents happening every few decades, this will undoubtedly wipe out entire countries around the world,  a planet already spinning in misery
Disclaimer: The information present here is not to be taken as medical advice. It is only present here for entertainment, educational or research purposes. 
This isn't a regulatory body by the people for the people. It's an industry mouthpiece removing roadblocks applying the lessons they learned from Fukushima- more, more, more!
Free advertising. Well, free for the industry.
The DOE is of course totally funded by tax payers, and ...is it still headed by Rick Perry, Mr 'revolving door crony capitalist'?   I know,  we are supposed to be civil, but how can you do it with absolute scum as leaders?  Perry and Trump greased the Dakota pipeline, they bail out and fund toxic corporations.

People dont seem to realize....Your leaders take your wealth.   

Yes, there are some good people on the earth, but civilization, as a whole, is abhorrent, degenerate....a detestable spawn of misery, cheap and crass with loathsome murderous actions.  The word scummy comes to mind...selfish, sordid and swinish.  Shrewd, vile and deceptive...the accursed destroyer of the Living World.  Odious and contemptible, often downright wicked.  Even maggots are at least honest and straightforward.  They create healthy compost.  You read those DOE action plans...they reek of insipidness. Its offensive. To believe they are high level, when in fact they are low and wretched is obnoxious,...its disgusting, vile and revolting

Thats not everybody...its largely the leaders, yet their followers enable them.  For every Rick Perry,  Clinton or Trump there are a million like them, people who would be them but for now only support them.    ....I mean that in a nice way
Disclaimer: The information present here is not to be taken as medical advice. It is only present here for entertainment, educational or research purposes. 
What he said...
August 13, 2019
NRC Staff Recommends Sale Of Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station

Federal regulators plan to approve the sale of Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station to New Jersey-based Holtec International. The company has never fully decommissioned a nuclear plant before, and proposes to complete the process in eight years.

Staff from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issued a Notice of Significant Licensing Action on Tuesday, notifying NRC commissioners of their intent to approve the license transfer and sale. The commission has five business days to weigh in before NRC staff issues their final decision.

After about a year of review, the NRC staff concluded that Holtec is "financially and technically qualified to own the Pilgrim nuclear power plant and carry out the decommissioning of the facility," according to a NRC spokesman Neil Sheehan.

If Holtec purchases Pilgrim from current owner Energy, Holtec will receive the plant, the surrounding land and a decommissioning trust fund currently valued around $1 billion.

Nuclear Power Regulators Ease Security, and Experts Sound the Alarm

...As recently as 2016, authorities in Belgium warned that Islamic State group operatives were planning to attack nuclear plants. The gunman who opened fire that year at a gay nightclub in Orlando worked for a contractor as a security guard at a nuclear plant in the U.S. Intelligence officials have fingered Russia in repeated cyberattacks on nuclear power plants, which could be used in conjunction with an armed infiltration.

But serious breaches have occurred even without the help of rogue insiders, heavy weaponry or foreign adversaries. With just a pair of bolt-cutters, a nun and a pair of pacifist activists in 2012 broke into a nuclear weapons complex on federal land that supposedly had higher security standards than civilian nuclear energy sites. They did little more than spray paint protest slogans, but some 30 minutes passed before guards realized a breach had occurred. Yet despite sparking a flurry of headlines and investigations, the incident prompted a collective shrug within the civilian nuclear sector, surprising security experts and contractors.

"They had very similar defenses: exclusion zones, cameras, and I thought right then and there you're going to have a big change in people's attitudes with what these sites need to be secured with. And, to my dismay, no one cared," says a former nuclear security consultant whose work included leading the adversary forces. "It just fell to the wayside."

Bu[t] he says there’s been a bit of an objectivity problem with the company that took over the Zion decommissioning from the local utility Exelon.

Wait for it...

NRC Decision Leaves U.S. Nuclear Plants Vulnerable to Terrorist Drones
Nov 4, 2019

Theft, loss of radioactive substances more common than exposure cases - Nuclear Agency

BANGI, Nov 11 -- Incidents relating to the loss and theft of radioactive materials occur more frequently in Malaysia than those involving emergencies and radiation safety, according to Malaysian Nuclear Agency (ANM) deputy director Dr Mohd Abd Wahab Yusof.

He said based on records, from the 1990s to date, there have been 17 cases of intrusion, loss or theft relating to radioactive material, as a result of poor security controls, with most incidents occurring during transportation.

In this regard, Mohd Abd Wahab said security should be a priority for licensees and industries involved with radioactive materials to prevent incidents involving the exploitation of radioactive material for criminal purposes.

"Without strict supervision, the risk of occurrence of activities such as theft, sabotage, unauthorised access, illegal transfers or other malicious acts involving nuclear or radioactive material or related facilities will be more difficult to control," he said.

Speaking to reporters after opening the 2019 Nuclear Security Conference themed "Nuclear Security: What Matters?" here today, he said nuclear security not only involved the control of nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons, but also all activities involving the use of radioactive materials.

He said although there was no nuclear plant in Malaysia, the use of radioactive materials was widespread, especially in the industrial and medical sectors, where according to the records of the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB), more than 1,300 companies were involved in the use of licensed radioactive materials.

Mohd Abd Wahab said security at the nuclear research reactor in Dengkil was also being enhanced with the installation of an anti-climb fence that would be completed by next year, while security control in the area was also in accordance with strict local and international standards.

Meanwhile, Bukit Aman Strategic Resources and Technology Department (StarRT) principal assistant director (Arms) Datuk Muhammad Koey Abdullah said the police were concerned about the abuse of radioactive material with regard to the 17 reported cases.
Offshore Geological Disposal

Exploratory vessel towing a hydrophone array.
If we have ruled out Allerdale and ruled out onshore Copeland, we are left with a 20km wide offshore strip of Copeland. The key advantage of offshore is that seismic reflection surveys can be carried out quickly and easily, and with virtually no disruption using a seismic vessel towing an array of hydrophones.

Boreholes could also be drilled with minimal impact to those living in West Cumbria.
It is quite possible that an onshore GDF is simply politically undeliverable anywhere in the UK, so the expansion of the offshore search area is to be welcomed. An offshore GDF would need significant surface facilities on land, occupying around one square kilometre. The obvious location for these would be on the Sellafield site, but only if the offshore geology proves suitable, and if the local population agrees.

The test of whether the local population agrees must include a referendum at parish, borough and county levels. While the 2014 White Paper fails to offer this democratic protection, only if all three layers of local government agree, should this go ahead and Copeland should make that a condition if it decides to express an interest. Cumbria Trust will oppose any GDF which does not have democratic support at all three levels of local government. In the case of offshore, the relevant parishes are the ones closest to, and which include the surface facilities.

The tunnel to the offshore GDF should begin at Sellafield to avoid the need to package radioactive waste for transportation outside a nuclear site. This would also minimise any blight on local businesses, properties and tourism – the waste would remain on the Sellafield site until it was ready to enter the GDF via the tunnel.

“If Copeland decides to volunteer for this new process, it should restrict the search area to offshore Copeland from the beginning. There will be legitimate concerns raised by the Scotland, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland and the Isle of Man, none of which have their own GDF programme. These concerns will have to be addressed, and they will no doubt want to ensure that there is independent oversight – the Swedish approach of an environmental organisation, MKG which receives state funding, appears to be an example of best practice here.

There are other potential offshore areas in England and we will discuss a promising site in eastern England in a future article.

Oyster Creek Stakeholder Forum Leaves Locals with Even More Renewed Fears
Sept. 27, 2019

LACEY TOWNSHIP, NJ - Earlier this week, it wasn’t just the inaudible microphone that frustrated locals who came out to the Oyster Creek Stakeholder Forum. They were there to learn about Holtec and CDI’s Decommissioning Program for the now-closed nuclear plant.

In one regard, the silence was overwhelming. Seemingly, the message presented by Holtec Vice President Jeff Dostal left more questions than answers. Not one person spoke up to voice their confidence in the site decommissioning plans.

“I was in the second row and could barely hear,” said Peg Houle, Barnegat Committeewoman candidate. “However, I’m almost convinced it was intentional.”

“Implementing Geological Disposal” ? – NO THANKS!!!

...“Implementing Geological Disposal”- the push for geological disposal is all about the plan to build more nuclear reactors, more plutonium and tritium for the military and has nothing whatsoever to do with protecting future generations from radioactive wastes . Radioactive wastes have the potential to make this planet uninhabitable for eons to come and are the biggest threat to all life as we know it on planet earth. “Green” Sweden, the home of Greta is taking the lead in this diabolic project to dump nuclear wastes dangerously out of sight and out of mind in order to build more reactors.

At a recent meeting in Cockermouth, Allerdale Councillors were informed that government agencies have been buying up farm land – Ennerdale is a case in point! The Irish Sea was also mentioned as a possible “host.” Cumbria County Councillors have already voted unanimously to allow deep mining infrastructure to be embedded under the Irish Sea – I wonder if they realise they have also willingly ushered in “experts in geological disposal” with West Cumbria Mining? The below is from their website….

Must read.


Ukrainian authorities are investigating a potential security breach at a local nuclear power plant after employees connected parts of its internal network to the internet so they could mine cryptocurrency.

The investigation is being led by the Ukrainian Secret Service (SBU), who is looking at the incident as a potential breach of state secrets due to the classification of nuclear power plants as critical infrastructure.

Investigators are examining if attackers might have used the mining rigs as a pivot point to enter the nuclear power plant's network and retrieve information from its systems, such as data about the plant's physical defenses and protections.

According to authorities, the incident took place in July at the South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant, located near the city of Yuzhnoukrainsk, in southern Ukraine. ...
Suspected North Korea hackers breached India’s space agency during moon mission
ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) confirmed that they were alerted of a suspected cyberattack by North Korean hackers ...

Hackers target India's largest nuclear power plant with malware
India's largest nuclear power plant was targeted by hackers who infected its computers with malware, it has emerged. The ...
Mail Online11d

India's doomed moon mission was hacked by North Korea, cyber experts believe
India's space agency was attacked by North Korean hackers while it was trying to land a spacecraft on the Moon, it is feared.
Mail Online3d

North Korea ‘hacked India’s doomed moon mission with a SINGLE phishing email’
INDIA's Space Research Oragnisation was possibly targeted by North Korean hackers as it tried to land a space craft on the ...
The Sun3d

Someone Hacked India’s Nuclear Power Plants
After denying reports of a system malware infection Tuesday, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) admitted ...

India's nuclear plant attacked by North Korean malware, confirms NPCIL
The network of one of India’s nuclear power plants was infected with malware created by North Korea-based hacker group, the ...
The News International on MSN.com11d

North Korean elite hacking unit launch surprise attack on India’s nuclear weapons systems
Bosses initially denied hackers were to blame and rejected suggestions a cyber-attack could have been behind the outage. But ...

Kudankulam cyber attack: North Korean hackers stole technology data, analysts tell The Quint
IssueMaker Labs said the attack was not intended to cause destruction, but only to extort confidential data and do reconnaissance.


Admin computer network of Kudankulam nuclear plant breached by hackers based abroad
A cyber security official said a tip-off was received from 'a friendly country' & a team of experts was rushed to the facility in early September.

BINAYAK DASGUPTA and SUDHI RANJAN SEN, HT 30 October, 2019 8:35 am Great Reporting!
Lazarus found on the dark side of the moon...

London, Nov 8 : At the time the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was trying to land Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft's Vikram lander on the Moon, suspected North Korean hackers might have attacked the space agency, the Daily Mail reported on Friday.


...According to a report in the Financial Times, ISRO was warned of the cyber attack during the Chandrayaan-2 moon mission in September.

Experts believe the attack was conducted using DTrack, a type of malware linked to the Lazarus group which is believed by the US authorities to be controlled by the North Korean government.

According to cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, the malware has been detected in financial institutions and research centres in 18 Indian states.

The reports on cyber-attack on ISRO came after the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) last week confirmed the presence of malware in its system at the Kudankulam nuclear plant, which has been traced to North Korea's DTrack.

In a press statement, the NPCIL said "identification of malware in NPCIL system was correct" but added that the "infected PC" belonged to a user "who was connected in the internet connected network used for administrative purposes".

...Explaining about Dtrack, Kaspersky's Security Researcher Konstantin Zykov, in a recent event in Delhi, had said "The large amount of Dtrack samples we found demonstrated that Lazarus is one of the most active APT (Advanced Persistent Threat) groups, constantly developing and evolving threats in a bid to affect large-scale industries and seeking to evade detection."

...ISRO lost contact with its Vikram lander during the last stage of the Moon landing operation on September 7, minutes before it was due to land near the South Pole of the Moon.
Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station to Shrink Emergency Planning Zone
FEMA and several states have disputed the NRC staff's premise that so-called "all hazards planning" would be sufficient to address a spent nuclear fuel accident. Emergency planning experts have ...
Government Technology5d

Feds Exempt Shuttered Pilgrim From Emergency Requirements
As a result, the NRC said, there will no longer be a 10-mile emergency planning zone as called for in Pilgrim's license.

NRC grants exemptions from emergency planning to Holtec
In his dissenting vote, Baran wrote: "Based on these concerns, FEMA and many states recommend that NRC require dedicated ...
Wicked Local6dLOCAL SOURCE

Pilgrim allowed to cut emergency planning zone
Pilgrim’s reactor ceased operation May 31. The NRC will allow elimination of the zone, which encompasses sections of Plymouth ...
Cape Cod Times6d


Timeline: The 52-Year History Of The Pilgrim Nuclear Plant
...The NRC downgraded Pilgrim's safety status in 2014, deeming it one of the nine-worst reactors in the country. The following year, the NRC downgraded the plant again, making it one of the three worst-performing operating reactors and one step away from mandatory shutdown.
Meanwhile, the price of natural gas was decreasing, making the plant less profitable. In 2015, Entergy announced it would close Pilgrim by June 1, 2019.
...In the summer of 2018, Entergy announced a plan to sell Pilgrim to Holtec International for decommissioning. Holtec already manufactures the dry casks used at Pilgrim (pictured below) to store spent nuclear fuel.
...The two companies filed a joint-license transfer application with the NRC late last year, and are waiting for a final decision.

Meanwhile, the NRC upgraded Pilgrim's safety status in March, noting "sustained performance improvement" and "marked improvement in the site's safety culture."

Pilgrim will shut down in the highest safety rating category.


You're fired!

NRC rejects bid to expand evacuation zones around nuclear plants
Apr 26, 2014

U.S. Nuclear Agency Warned to Expand Power Plant Evacuation Zones

***April 11, 2013 ***(ENS)

– The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission should look at evacuation plans for areas beyond a 10-mile radius around America’s nuclear power plants, the independent research branch of Congress advised Wednesday.

In a report requested by four senators, the Government Accountability Office, GAO, said that to better inform radiological emergency preparedness efforts, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission needs to obtain information on public awareness and likely public response outside the current 10-mile evacuation zone, and incorporate insights into guidance.

St. Lucie
St. Lucie nuclear power plant located near Jensen Beach, Florida, 10 miles southeast of Ft. Pierce (Photo courtesy Florida Power & Light Co.)

Nationwide, each of the 65 operating commercial nuclear power plants has a 10-mile emergency planning zone around the plant; in total, these zones include at least 490 local and state authorities.

“Without better information on the public’s awareness and potential response in areas outside the 10-mile zone, [the Nuclear Regulatory Commission] may not be providing the best planning guidance,” the GAO report concluded.

A Meltdown in Nuclear Security
A commando raid on a nuclear power plant seems the stuff of Hollywood. So why are nuclear security experts so worried?
By Alan Neuhauser Staff Writer
Sept.. 20, 2019,

...In spite of that track record, public documents and testimony show that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the federal agency responsible for ensuring the safety and security of the nation's fleet of commercial nuclear reactors, is now steadily rolling back the standards meant to prevent the doomsday scenario the drills are designed to simulate.

Under pressure from a cash-strapped nuclear energy industry increasingly eager to slash costs, the commission in a little-noticed vote in October 2018 halved the number of force-on-force exercises conducted at each plant every cycle. Four months later, it announced it would overhaul how the exercises are evaluated to ensure that no plant would ever receive more than the mildest rebuke from regulators – even when the commandos set off a simulated nuclear disaster that, if real, would render vast swaths of the U.S. uninhabitable.

Later this year, the NRC is expected to greenlight a proposal that will allow nuclear plants – which currently must be able to fend off an attack alone – to instead begin depending on local and state law enforcement, whose training, equipment and response times may leave them ill-prepared to respond to a military-grade assault.

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